|Evolution of 3rd, 4th and 5th Dimensions of Travel|
|New Multi-dimensions of Travel are Expected to Usher in an Era of Rapid Multimodal Transportation by 2050|
This study provides a comprehensive overview of the new dimensions of travel which could have a major impact on the transportation landscape of the future. The report begins by introducing the current modes of transportation and the challenges associated with them. The need for new modes of transportation and the key drivers for them are also discussed. The 3rd, 4th and 5th dimensions of travel are clearly defined along with the vehicles associated with each of them. A section is dedicated to each of these dimensions of travel. Firstly, the 3rd dimension of travel is discussed, capturing the key players, analyzing the various stages of product development that each company is at, and the major application areas for the different vehicles in this dimension. Secondly, the 4th dimension of travel is analyzed, capturing the various vehicles involved, the salient features of each including high-speed rail (HSR), Maglev trains, and Hyperloop.