|Radical Innovations in Reverse Osmosis Seawater Desalination|
|R&D activities in Reverse Osmosis Seawater Desalination technology driven by rising water scarcity, widening water demand-supply gap, and demand for a reliable source of freshwater|
With the growing human population, increasing urbanization, and industrialization, the requirement of fresh water for human consumption as well as for industrial usage has been on the rise. Increase in freshwater demand and the ongoing decrease in freshwater resources is expected to widen the freshwater supply-demand gap. Governments and industry stakeholders are trying to address this challenge by investigating innovative technological solutions to access freshwater. Seawater reverse osmosis (SWRO) based desalination technology has been gaining industry interest due to its capability of desalinating seawater, which is present in abundance, in a potentially cost-effective manner.
Researchers across the globe are working towards technological advancements focussed on improving the SWRO desalination system’s operations by focussing on the key challenges hindering the SWRO adoption: environmental issues due to brine water disposal, high energy requirement, and high capital cost involved. Most of the technological advancements surround improving the membrane technology, improving energy efficiency, and optimizing the energy consumption of the SWRO based desalination systems.